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Titebond 231 Acrylic Wood Flooring Adhesive

Titebond® 231 Acrylic Polymer Wood Flooring Adhesive is a VOC-compliant product ideal for the installation of engineered plank flooring. It offers strong initial tack and excellent strength development. Titebond 231 is designed to minimize the chances of hollow or popping spots occurring within the floor, resulting in reduced call backs and higher installation success rates. This adhesive is easy to trowel, use and clean-up. The combination of high quality strength characteristics, ease-of-use and favorable regulatory properties makes Titebond 231 a solid choice for wood flooring installation professionals.

  • Strong initial tack
  • VOC-compliant with all federal and state regulations as well as the SCAQMD
  • Easy to trowel
  • Minimizes hollow and popping spots

Revised September 2017

  • Acrylic polymer formulation

  • Excellent strength development

  • Low odor

  • Ideal for engineered flooring only

  • Easy cleanup

Type: Acrylic polymer Calculated VOC: 49.4 g/L Color : Tan/off-white Weight Per Gallon : 10.7 lbs. Solids : 80% Flashpoint : > 200° F Viscosity : 100,000 cps. Freeze/thaw Stability : Pass 5 cycles at 0° F Storage Life : 24 months in tightly closed container

Trowel recommendations and coverage

All engineered plank flooring
  • Trowel Size - 3/16" x 1/4" x 1/2" (c-c V-notch)
  • Coverage - Approximately 50 sq. ft. per gallon
All parquets measuring less than 1/2" thickness
  • Trowel Size - 1/8" x 1/8" x 1/8" (Square-notch)
  • Coverage - Approximately 60 sq. ft. per gallon

Specifications Guide
Type of Flooring / Flooring Thickness: Jobsite / Subfloor:
  • Parquets measuring less than 1/2” in thickness
  • All engineered flooring
  • New, old or existing concrete, properly treated light weight concrete
  • Below-grade concrete
  • Plywood
  • OSB (oriented strand board)
  • Clean and unwaxed vinyl

Application Temperature

Above 50°F.

Open Assembly Time

60 minutes (70°F./50%RH)

Total Dry Time

24-48 hours (70°F./50%RH)

Subfloor Preparation

All substrates must be clean, dry, structurally sound, properly cured and free of dirt, oil, paint, old adhesive, wax, sealers and curing agents. General scouring with 20 grit or #3 1/2 open coat sandpaper will remove most compounds. All loose materials must be vacuumed from the surface after scouring. The subfloor must be flat to a tolerance of 3/16” in a 10’ radius. Hollow spots, popping spots and squeaks are related to unevenness in the subfloor. Grinding concrete floors is preferred over the use of filling compounds. If filling/flattening compounds are used, they must be Portland based cementitious material and have a compressive strength equal to or greater than 3000 psi when cured. When using cementitious materials, they must be rated for the moisture content in the concrete slab. Always use the highest rated materials for moisture because the moisture levels will change. Consult the cementitious manufacturer’s application directions. Use of adhesive over light weight concrete and all gypsum-based materials requires the use of an approved concrete primer prior to application of adhesive. Remove all existing base, shoe molding and door thresholds prior to continuing the installation. All door casings must be undercut with either a jamb saw or a hand saw. Use a piece of the flooring as a guide to determine the thickness needed.

Installation Guidelines

Titebond 231 Acrylic Polymer Wood Flooring Adhesive SHOULD NOT BE FLASHED. Begin laying the wood flooring immediately after troweling the adhesive with the correct trowel. To reduce slippage, secure the first starter row with Titebond Tape. Work in small sections to ensure proper transfer of the adhesive to the wood flooring, placing remaining planks firmly into adhesive. Proceed in this manner until the field is complete, making sure to allow for proper expansion space around the room. Refer to flooring manufacturer for expansion spaces. After completion, wedge the flooring so that it remains tight during the drying process. Planks which are not flat should be weighted for several hours. Before leaving for the day, walk the floor and look for any defects or other cosmetic blemishes. This will also ensure the wood flooring is properly seated into the adhesive. After the adhesive has dried, remove and discard the wedges.


Wet adhesive can easily be cleaned up with a dry towel or a towel soaked with water or mineral spirits. If the adhesive has dried, use a cloth dampened with mineral spirits. Follow solvent manufacturer’s directions when working with solvents and other flammable materials. For specific cleaning instructions, call Franklin Technical Service at 1.800.347.4583.

CAUTION: Do not sand, scour or abrade any material that is suspected of containing asbestos fibers. Asbestos is known to cause cancer. Federal law requires that asbestos be handled by a licensed and certified hazardous materials contractor.

MOISTURE CONTENT LIMITATIONS: Titebond 231 Acrylic Polymer Wood Flooring Adhesive may be used for above-, on- and below-grade applications and on all substrates listed in this specification guide. All applications are susceptible to moisture and should be tested for moisture prior to installation in several locations within the installation area.
Acceptable conditions of concrete for above-, on- and below-grade applications are:
  • Less than 3 lbs. /1000 sq.ft./24 hours on a Calcium Chloride Test (ASTM F1869)
  • Less than a reading of 4.5 on a Tramex Concrete Moisture Encounter
  • Relative humidity (RH) of 75% or less when tested with an in situ probe (ASTM F2170)
Acceptable conditions of wood substrates are a moisture reading of less than 12% or be no more than 4% different from the flooring being installed when using a Tramex, Delmhorst or equivalent wood moisture meter.

If subfloor moisture conditions do not meet above guidelines at the time of flooring installation, or they could exceed them at any time after installation, then a Titebond Moisture Control System should be used.
CAUTION: EYE, SKIN AND RESPIRATORY IRRITANT. Contains emulsified xylene. Do not swallow. Do not allow eye contact or prolonged skin contact. Avoid breathing vapors. FIRST AID: If swallowed, do not induce vomiting; contact physician. If eye contact occurs, flush with water for 15 minutes; contact physician. Wash skin contact areas with soap and water; seek medical attention if irritation persists. If affected by inhalation of vapor, remove to fresh air. If difficulty persists, seek medical attention. Dispose of contents and container in accordance with all local, regional, national, and international regulations. For additional information, refer to Safety Data Sheet. KEEP OUT OF THE REACH OF CHILDREN.
Part No.SizeWeight(lbs.)UPCCase UPCUnits Per PackagePackages Per Pallet
39161 gallon Plastic Pail23.57037083039160 290
39193.5 Gallon Pail40.37037083039191 136
Important Notice: Our recommendations, if any, for the use of this product are based on tests believed to be reliable. Since the use of this product is beyond the control of the manufacturer, no guarantee or warranty, expressed or implied, is made as to such use or effects incidental to such use, handling or possession or the results to be obtained, whether in accordance with the directions or claimed so to be. The manufacturer expressly disclaims responsibility therefore. Furthermore, nothing contained herein shall be construed as a recommendation to use any product in conflict with existing laws and/or patents covering any material or use.
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